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  • 1 Senate Square, Helsinki Highly Recommended Highly Recommended Highly Recommended

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Senaatintori FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    Work of town planner Ehrenström and architect Carl Ludvig Engel, Senate Square comprises a collection of monumental buildings typifying the aristocratic elegance of neo-Classicism. The senate building was completed in 1820, the university in 1832, th..

  • 2 Temppeliaukon Kirkko Recommended Recommended

    Religious buildings

    Lutherinkatu 3 FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    A low circular wall surmounted by a copper cupola: from the exterior, there is no evidence that this church, designed by the Suomalainen brothers in 1960 and built between 1968 and 1969, has been set below ground level, as far down as the rock which ..

  • 3 Kiasma Modern Art museum Recommended Recommended

    Museums and art

    Mannerheiminaukio 2 FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    In the heart of the city, between the Art-Nouveau railway station, Finlandia Hall (Finlandiatalo) with its sleek lines and the Functionalist Parliament building, Kiasma is the work of Steven Holl and was inaugurated in 1998. The exterior is made of a..

  • 4 Market Square of Helsinki Recommended Recommended

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Kauppatori FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    A short distance South from the Senate Square, providing a sharp contrast to its noble neighbour, is the Market Square . Here the bustle of everyday life prevails, with the cries of market traders, the hotchpotch of culinary aromas, the sound of port..

  • 5 Helsinki Esplanade Park Recommended Recommended

    Nature and gardens

    Pohjoisesplanadi FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    Between the Swedish Theatre to the West (the current building dates from 1866, replacing the wooden theatre built by Engel) and the Market Square to the East, lie two avenues lined with neo-Renaissance houses and luxury designer boutiques bordering ..

  • 6 Ateneum Art Museum Recommended Recommended

    Museums and art

    Kaivokatu 2 FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    The collections of this museum chart Finnish art from the 18C to the 1960s. Finnish pictorial art is fairly recent, if you don't count the anonymous frescoes that decorated churches and were often lost with the walls on which they were painted. It wa..

  • 7 Helsinki Station Recommended Recommended

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Kaivokatu FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    Built essentially to designs by Eliel Saarinen, one of the creators of the Finnish pavilion at the Paris Universal Exhibition (1900), the station (1909-1916) constitutes a model of "objective architecture". Stone, glass and iron come togeth..

  • 8 National Museum of Finland Recommended Recommended

    Museums and art

    Mannerheimintie 34 FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    Constructed between 1905 and 1910 by Gesellius, Lindgren and Saarinen, this building was a latecomer in the canon of National Romanticism. It has a high steeple and circular tower, decorated with frescoes inspired by the Kalevala by Askeli Gallen-Kal..

  • 9 Finlandia Palace Recommended Recommended

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Mannerheimintie 13e FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    This cultural building was designed by Alvar Aalto as part of his urban plan for the new city centre around the Bay of Töölön. The central part of the building was completed in 1971, but the conference wing was only added in 1975. A veranda designed ..

  • 10 Finnish National Opera House Recommended Recommended

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Helsinginkatu 58 FIN - 00250 Helsinki

    Glittering with its white ceramics and Finnish granite is the Finnish National Opera House. Built on the Bay of Töölön by Hyvämäki, Karhunen and Parkkinen, it was inaugurated in 1993. Although it accommodates a wide repertoire of international opera,..

  • 11 The Fortress of Finland Recommended Recommended

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Suomenlinna FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    First known as Sveaborg (the Fortress of Sweden) when it was built in 1748 to protect Helsinki from Russian attacks, the fort only acquired its current name (Suomenlinna) after Independence. By this time the defensive role of the fortress was no long..

  • 12 St Nicholas Lutheran Cathedral Recommended Recommended

    Religious buildings

    Senaatintori FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    This building embodies the austere simplicity of Nordic classicism: four peristyles, each with six Corinthian columns surmounted by a pediment bearing three apostles in acroterions, make up the four porches. The peristyle overlooking the Senate Squar..

  • 13 Open-Air Museum of Seurasaari Recommended Recommended

    Museums and art

    Fölisön FIN - 00250 Helsinki

    The museum comprises around 100 18C-19C buildings (numbers given here are those used by the museum). The Niemelä farm (7) demonstrates that saunas could be used as temporary shelter. Karuna church (8) is the oldest building (1686); the Carelian Perti..

  • 14 Katajanokka Interesting

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Luotsikatu FIN - Helsinki

    Naval barracks and warehouses formerly occupied the rocky promontory separating the north port from the south port. Head up to Luotsikatu to admire the Art Nouveau decorative detail employed by architects in the early 20C. N°1, the Tallberg house, an..

  • 15 Amos Anderson Art Museum Interesting

    Museums and art

    Yrjönkatu 27 FIN - 00100 Helsinki

    The home of the parliamentarian, publisher and patron Amos Anderson was built in 1912-13, by the architects Palmqvist and Sjöström, and bequeathed by Anderson to the State. Today, it displays his collection of Scandinavian artwork from the 19C and pa..

  • 16 Ouspenski Cathedral of Helsinki Interesting

    Religious buildings

    Kanavakatu 1 FIN - 00160 Helsinki

    An orthodox cathedral, erected on the Katajanokka peninsula at the time when Finland was under Russian dependency, Ouspenski was consecrated in 1868. Its bulb-shaped domes are reminiscent of Russian churches and it was indeed a Russian architect, Gor..

  • 17 Cygnaeus Gallery Interesting

    Museums and art

    Kalliolinnantie 8 FIN - 00140 Helsinki

    A professor of aesthetics Fredrik Cygnaeus (1807-1881) had his summer residence - one of the last surviving wooden buildings in the centre of Helsinki - in the Kaivopuisto quarter, which, in the 19C, was still a spa resort frequented by Russian arist..

  • 18 Helsinki Parliament Interesting

    Architecture, castles and historic districts

    Mannerheimintie 30 FIN - 00102 Helsinki

    A huge construction in red granite, the Parliament, fronted by imposing steps leading up to the colonnade, is the work of Siren, inaugurated in 1931 to receive the 200 members of the single Chamber elected every four years by universal suffrage . The..

  • 19 Mannerheim Museum Interesting

    Museums and art

    Kalliolinnantie 14 FIN - 00140 Helsinki

    The museum, set up in the home of Baron Gustaf Mannerheim (1867-1951), retraces the prestigious career of this soldier (medals, uniforms, arms...) and statesman. The rooms that he occupied during his stays in Petersburg and Warsaw have been reconstru..

  • 20 Design Museum, Helsinki Interesting

    Museums and art

    Korkeavuorenkatu 23 FIN - 00130 Helsinki

    The museum's collections illustrate the development of Finnish design from the 1880s and 1890s, through the glory days of the 1950s, then from 1960 to the present day. It takes in Art Nouveau (Walter Jung, Albert Finch) and its relationship to Nation..

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