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Montmartre and the Belle Epoch :
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Montmartre and the Belle Epoch
Montmartre and the Belle EpochPedestrian, 5 km, 1 day
Montmartre, the village where Renoir painted and Suzanne Valadon, Utrillo and Picasso became the archetypes of picture postcard Paris... The charm lives on to this day, despite the number of tourists! Our tour will allow you to capture the beauty of Montmartre and its quiet corners where you can dream!Customise this route and add it to My travel book
After the catastrophe of 1870, a number of Catholics vowed to build a church consecrated to the Heart of Christ on the hill of Montmartre. Abadie was inspired by Saint-Front cathedral in Périgueux in drawing up the Romano-Byzantine plans of the basilica. Work began in 1876 and was completed in 1914, after a national subscription. From the dome, there is a view down into the interior of the church, but above, the view from the external gallery over a radius of 30 km is quite exceptional!
This 12C church, a relic of the great abbey of Montmartre, is one of the oldest churches in Paris. Built on the site of a Merovingian sanctuary, the church was altered in the 15th and 18th Centuries. In the interior, notice the architectural elements of Roman inspiration and the works by the sculptor Gismondi (1980), as well as the stained glass windows by Max Ingrand .
This old village square, lined by little houses and planted with trees has conserved its rural air. At least, in the morning before it becomes a centre of tourism on the hill, with cosmopolitan crowds whom numerous artists offer charcoal portraits. At n° 21, the headquarters of the Commune libre of Montmartre.
Sculptures, lithographs and dry point etchings by Salvador Dali (1904-1989).
Numerous artists stayed at number 12: Renoir, Friesz, Dufy, Émile Bernard, Suzanne Valadon and her son Utrillo. The poet Pierre Reverdy (1889-1960) lived there before retiring to the Abbey of Solesmes.
This peaceful thoroughfare was opened in 1910 on the famous «maquis» of Montmartre, a piece of waste ground of ill repute where the windmills turned. Studios and pavilions are here today such as the Hameau des Artistes or the Villa Léandre (n° 25). A sculpture by Jean Marais evokes the author of Passe-muraille on the Place Marcel-Aymé.
This is the living heart of the village of Montmartre. Here you can see the Church of Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre, Place Jehan-Rictus which has replaced the town hall of the 18th Arrondissement, where Verlaine was married, before Clemenceau became the Mayor. And, in the centre of the square, the métro station is one of only two in Paris to have kept its original marquise by Hector Guimard.
The famous Boule Noire dance hall (created in 1822), the Chat Noir cabaret (1881) by Rodolphe Salis, about which Aristide Bruant «looked for fortune», the Élysée-Montmartre dance hall (whose façade can still be seen at no. 72) have disappeared. However La Cigale, at n° 120, perpetuates the tradition with its rock and variety concerts.
A shady little square housing the old Montmartre theatre (1822), which became the théâtre de l'Atelier when Charles Dullin (1885-1949) came here in 1922. This innovative actor and producer had a lasting influence on the French scene and in particular the producers of the following generation such as Jean Vilar and Jean-Louis Barrault.