Friedrichshain : Michelin's recommendations
Street fights are an every-day affair in this quarter. The underground activities of the «Ringvereine» are reflected in these battles. Toward the end of the 19 th C, networks for assisting recently liberated convicts sprung up in this area. These associations, numbering 85 in 1933, are part and parcel of organized crime. They controlled the illicit pleasure establishments, obtained alibis, paid lawyer's fees and pressured witnesses. The police tolerated them, given that their reign was limited to the city's low-end quarter and saved them from conducting surveillance and searches. Fritz Lang was inspired by a member of one of these secret societies, Muskel-Adolf, for his film M the Evil. The actor Gustav Gründgens plays the role of the Ringvereine boss who pursue, unmask and pass judgement on an assassin of children. The Ringvereine were abolished by the Nazis in 1934. In addition to its criminal element, Friedrichshain is known for the June 1953 uprising. East Berlin is in fact the centre of the first revolt in the communist block. In 1952-53, the situation deteriorates in GDR: the collectivisation of agriculture and socialisation of means of production lead to food shortages and the degradation of the working conditions of the workers. Then, on 28 May 1953, the 10% increase in the productivity standards set the powder keg on fire. All the workers mobilise on 17 June. 400 000 strikers are counted. The Soviets intervene, a curfew is decreed and the Red Army's tanks are assailed by rocks on the Potsdamer Platz.
- Address : Am Friedrichshain D - 10407 Berlin10407Berlin