Oranienstraße : Michelin's recommendations
Crumbling façades with walls riddles with bullet holes, covered with graffiti, ancient, deserted streets, Jewish cultural institutions above which the golden dome of the new synagogue appears, cafés, many restaurants, restored courtyards and inner courtyards: here the visitor is assailed by the memories in this district. In the second half of the 17th C, Berlin re-established itself slowly after the ruin caused by the 30 Years War. An edict of 1679 provided lighting for the streets by torches then by lanterns. To reduce the fire risk, the order forbade thatched roofs and relegated barns to areas outside the ramparts. They gave their name to a disreputable district, the «Scheunenviertel» or «Barn District», which became one of the most central districts of the capital due to urban expansion, a stone's throw from the Museum Island. During the First World War, there was an influx of the Jewish population here. They were often wretched, an immigrant workforce, sometimes fleeing the pogroms of the East. They made up a quarter of all the Jews in Berlin and kept their lifestyle, customs and languages. After the arrival of the Nazis, the vice tightened very quickly. To facilitate the task, the Gestapo demanded that the Jewish population organise themselves and supply papers. From 1942, the people were assembled in a hospice before being deported. 55,000 Berlin Jews were exterminated in the camps at Theresienstadt and Auschwitz.
- Address : Oranienburgerstraße D - 10117 Berlin10117Berlin