Catacombs of San Sebastiano : Michelin's recommendations
These catacombs probably developed from three mausoleums, later covered by a three-nave basilica. They are named after Sebastian, the soldier who fell victim to Diocletian's (284-305) persecution and who was buried there. The three mausoleums date from the 1C and were probably used by pagans before Christians arrived on the scene. The left-hand and middle mausoleums still bear beautiful stucco decorations. The right-hand mausoleum is decorated with paintings and bears the name of its first occupant: Claudius Hermes. La triclia, a former esplanade turned into a covered courtyard, was (from 258 onwards) the place where St. Paul and St. Peter were revered. Were relics then deposited here ? The debate is still going on... The crypt of St. Sebastian was greatly damaged, as well as the network of tunnels around it, by the crowds of pilgrims invoking the saint, whose intercession was particularly required when the plague festered. St. Quirinus' mausoleum, built in the 5C, precedes the Domus Petri, which could have been St. Peter's funeral home. The present basilica was rebuilt in the 17C, on the initiative of Cardinal Scipione Borghese. It is rather solemn and retains the stone in which it is said that Christ left his footprints when meeting St. Peter (the famous "Dominus, quo vadis ?" story) and a statue of St. Sebastian, by one of Bernini's students, above his burial place.
- Address : v. ppia Antica 136 I - 00179 Roma00179Roma
- Phone : 067850350
- E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website : http://www.catacombe.org
- Prices : 8 €